Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a progressive neurological degenerative disorder of the central nervous system, resulting from degeneration of neurons in a region of the brain that controls movement creating a shortage of the brain signaling chemical dopamine, causing the movement impairments that characterizing the disease. It was first described in 1817 by James Parkinson, a British physician who published a paper on what he called “the shaking palsy.” In this paper, he set forth the major symptoms of the disease that would later bear his name. It has probably existed for many thousands of years. Its symptoms and potential therapies were mentioned in the Ayurveda.
This condition is referred to in the modern Ayurvedic literature by various names for tremors: Kampavata (tremors due to vata), vepathu (shaking, as in being off track or out of alignment), prevepana (excessive shaking), sirakampa (head tremor), spandin (quivering), and kampana (tremors). Parkinson’s disease is most commonly called Kampavata.
According to ayurveda vayu “vaat“ controls the voluntary & involuntary movements of the body so when the vaat dosha become vitated and effects the cells of brain it causes Parkinson’s disease. apana vayu accumulates (sanchaya) and may become aggravated (prakopa) then the stage is set for vata to overflow (prasara) into circulation.
Overflow causes vyana vayu to become disturbed within the rasa dhatu. Systemic signs of vata disturbance occur, such as dryness of the membranes of the body. Vata may relocate (sthana samsraya) to any dhatus that are weak. When a preexisting weakness resides in the tissue of the brain, this becomes the site of relocation and thus we have a condition of vata (prana, samana and vyana) in the majja dhatu, damaging portions of the brain stem and causing altered coordination and tremors. Additional components of the pathology which are commonly present include vata (vyana) entering mamsa dhatu causing muscle rigidity and prana kshaya (diminished prana) in the manovaha srota causing depression.
In addition, kapha appears to be diminished in the majja dhatu in these patients. An increase in vata dries out kapha (cellular structure) in the susceptible region of the majja dhatu (brain stem). This creates an open space inviting vata to become vitiated. While the condition has a predominantly vata pathology, pitta can also play an important role in the samprapti (pathology) as its heat can burn out the cellular structure causing kapha kshaya (diminished kapha) in the majja dhatu, creating the original weakness in the brain stem. Hence personalities based in fear (vata) and intensity (pitta) are most predisposed to this condition and those of kapha nature are the most naturally protected.
Signs Symptoms (Rupa And Laksana)
Early symptoms of PD are subtle and occur gradually. Affected people may feel mild tremors or have difficulty getting out of a chair. They may notice that they speak too softly or that their handwriting is slow and looks cramped or small. They may lose track of a word or thought, or they may feel tired, irritable, or depressed for no apparent reason. This very early period may last a long time before the more classic and obvious symptoms appear.
The most common recognizable symptom of Parkinson’s disease is known as a “pill rolling tremor.” In this condition, the thumb and fingers move uncontrollably in a manner resembling the rolling of a pill between the fingers. Tremors most commonly appear in the hands, arms and legs, though other areas may be affected.
Small movements of the hands and fingers may eventually be difficult. This condition called micrographia, can make ordinary daily activities such as buttoning a shirt very difficult.
The most common signs and symptoms of Parkinson’s disease are:
- Muscular Rigidity
- Mask Face/Staring
- Festinating Gait
Friends or family members may be the first to notice changes in someone with early PD. They may see that the person’s face lacks expression and animation (known as “masked face”) or that the person does not move an arm or leg normally. They also may notice that the person seems stiff, unsteady, or unusually slow.
According To Ayurveda
Stambha (rigidity), in which movement becomes slow and difficult to initiate. Patients usually have to look at their feet to begin, shuffle forward to and occasionally, inadvertently break into a trot (festination). The arms do not swing in coordination with the usual stride.
The face may appear without expression (mask face), dull or depressed, though no depression may be present. Reduced blinking is an early symptom. The voice becomes monotone and expressionless, further causing some to mistake this as depression. Fifty percent of patients will develop dementia- Vishada (depression), can accompany the disease but the symptoms of mask face and monotone voice occur as a part of Parkinson’s disease and should not be confused with depression.
AYURVEDIC KIT FOR PARKINSON’S DISEASE
This kit contains Ayurvedic Capsules, Tablets prepared from the extract of herbs.
These helps to check the progression of disease and normalizes the vata vitiation.
Ingredients are Rasayan which helps to provide proper nutrition to brain and nervous system.
These herbs helps the system to provide proper dopamine to brain which is hindered by this disease.
Ayurvedic Treatment- Ayurvedic management offers some hope.
The exact cause of the PD is not known, there is no evidence that it is heredity. So, above all Vata is most important in Ayurveda as well as in PD, the root cause of the disease is disturbance and vitiation of vata.
- Oral Medications
- Rasayana Therapy
- Panchakarma Therapy
- Basti Treatment
- Oil Therapies
a) Oleation and fomentation form the basis of the constitutional treatment. Oleation through massage (abhyanga) and enema (basti) are indicated as well as the ingestion of oils.
b) Shirodhara with oils medicated with ashwagandha (withania somnifera) and bala (sida cordifolia) are commonly used to pacify vata and build ojas. They are known to be rejuvenative with a strong nourishing action on the nervous system.
c) Medicated Enema (Basti) is most effective in this disease. Vata must be pacified at its site of origin in the colon, it is the main site of vata.
d) Massage with vata shamak medicated oils are helpful in reducing muscular rigidity.
e) Rasayana therapy rejuvenates the body and improves the immune system.