Scabies is an itchy rash on the skin and highly contagious skin condition caused by a little mite that burrows in the skin surface. The human scabies mite’s scientific name is Sarcoptes scabiei.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
Itching – the itching appears a few days after infestation. The itch is characteristically more severe at night and affects the trunk and limbs.
Burrows – Scabies burrows appears as tiny grey irregular tracks between the fingers and on the wrists. They may also be the found in armpits, buttocks, on the penis, insteps and back of heels. Microscopic examination of the contents of a burrow may reveal mites, eggs or mite feces.
Generalised rash – Scabies rash appears as tiny red intensely itch bumps on the limbs and trunk. It can easily be confused with dermatitis or urticaria. These rashes appear due to an allergy to the mites.
Nodules – The itchy lumps or nodules in the armpits and groins or along the shaft of the penis are very suggestive of scabies. These nodules may persist for several weeks or longer after successful eradication of the living mites.
Acropustolosis – Blisters and pustules on the palms and sole are characteristic of scabies in infants.
Secondary infections – Impetigo commonly complicates scabies and results in crushing patches and scratched pustules. Cellulitis may occur resulting in painful swelling and redness associated with fever. Scabies rarely affects the face and scalp. This may be the case in young babies and bedbound elderly patients.
The diagnosis of scabies is made clinically by the typical symptoms and the typical rashes that appears on the skin.
The mite burrows on the skin confirms the diagnosis.
Sometimes it is difficult to tell the difference between the rash caused by scabies and some other skin conditions. Therefore a scraping from the skin is sometimes sent to the lab to look for mites under the microscope , if there is any doubt about the diagnosis.
If the itching and a rash develop in several people who live in the same house at about same time then scabies is a likely cause.
AYUR SUDHA’S AYURVEDIC KIT FOR SCABIES
Scabies is curable with Ayurvedic Medicines.
Local application of the oils and creams which kills the mites of scabies that means herbal insecticide for local use. The oil should apply over the skin after hot bath throughout the body below chin and the gently rub over the body. The oil is made of Nimboli , Maha Marichadi , Gandhak , Chalmogra , chandan , manjishta and khadir. Apply the oil daily for seven to fourteen days till the symptoms relieved and mites gets killed.
Oral herbal mixtures in the form of capsules and tablets made of Haridra, Khadir, Manjishta, Gandhank Rasayan, Kaishore guggulu, Ras Manikya, Mahamanjishtaide qwath, Neem, Arogyavardhini vati are the medicines which are used orally for 4 weeks or more according to the severity of problem.